33rd Massachusetts

By Adin B. Underwood

     Author Adin B. Underwood, formerly a 2nd Massachusetts Infantry company commander, served as a field officer in the 33rd before taking command as colonel in April 1863 just prior to the battle of Chancellorsville. This bloody fight near the Virginia Wilderness was the regiment's baptism of fire. It was assigned to the Army of the Potomac's much-maligned 11th Corps, which suffered heavy casualties at Chancellorsville, and again at Gettysburg two months later.
     In the fall of 1863, transfer of the 11th and 12th corps brought the Bay State soldiers to the Army of the Cumberland, then under siege in Chattanooga. On October 29 near Wauhatchie, Tenn., the 33rd fought its most costly engagement. Underwood led eight companies in a nighttime bayonet assault against Confederates entrenched on a steep hill near Lookout Mountain. The regiment left 93 officers and men strewn on the hillside, including Underwood who suffered a grievous leg wound. "No troops ever rendered more brilliant service," wrote commanding General Joseph Hooker.
     In early 1864 the 33rd became part of the 20th Corps, and fought in the battles of Resaca, New Hope Church, Kolb's Farm and Peachtree Creek. After the fall of Atlanta on September 2, the regiment served in the city's provost guard and was among the last to leave its smoldering ruins in November when General William T. Sherman's army began the celebrated "March to the Sea." In 1865, the 20th Corps plunged into frigid South Carolina swamps and slowly moved north past burning homes and dense pine forests. At Averasboro and Bentonville, N.C., the 33rd fought its final battles before heading to Washington, D.C. for the Grand Review.
     This Blue Acorn Press reprint edition features 72 wartime photographs, nearly all of them published for the first time.

Hardcover with dust jacket, 420 pages, full regimental roster, ISBN 0-9628866-8-8.

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